Fleet of NASA Spacecraft Finally Solve Mystery of the Earth’s Magnetic Field

A fleet of Nasa spacecraft have finally helped solve a long-standing mystery about the Earth’s magnetic field.

Scientists have used the data from the four spacecraft that are part of a Nasa mission to finally understand the energy in the swirling magnetic fields that surround the Earth.

That magnetic field helps protect us from solar wind, the stream of plasma coming from the Sun. As such, it protects life on Earth – and occasionally that solar weather breaks through and hits Earth hard, disrupting electrical and communications equipment on our planet, meaning that understanding how we are protected can be vitally important.

NASA’s Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) is flying four different spacecraft Earth to try and understand the phenomenon of magnetic reconnection. And it is that effect that explains the strange and intense energy contained in the magnetic fields around Earth.

The solar wind that comes from the Sun is made up of plasma – which is rare on Earth but makes up 99 per cent of the visible universe. That plasma becomes very turbulent when it arrives at the Earth’s magnetic field, in the “magnetosheath”.

Scientists now understand some of what causes that important turbulence, and where the energy and motion that erupt eventually go. The energy from the magnetic field is transferred to the particles, creating hot jets of plasma – and dissipating it into space.

The new study, published in Nature, marks the smallest scale observations of that event happening.

“Turbulence is one of the last great concepts in classical physics that we do not understand well, but we know it’s important in space as it redistributes energy,” said Jonathan Eastwood, one of the researchers involved in the study. “With this observation, we can now make new theories or models that will help us understand observations of other places like the Sun’s atmosphere and the magnetic environments of other planets.”

But the finding opens as many questions as it answers. Researchers now hope to create new models of the magnetosphere to account for how that magnetic reconnection could actually be happening.

Author: Mitch Battros

Mitch Battros is a scientific journalist who is highly respected in both the scientific and spiritual communities due to his unique ability to bridge the gap between modern science and ancient text. Founded in 1995 – Earth Changes TV was born with Battros as its creator and chief editor for his syndicated television show. In 2003, he switched to a weekly radio show as Earth Changes Media. ECM quickly found its way in becoming a top source for news and discoveries in the scientific fields of astrophysics, space weather, earth science, and ancient text. Seeing the need to venture beyond the Sun-Earth connection, in 2016 Battros advanced his studies which incorporates our galaxy Milky Way - and its seemingly rhythmic cycles directly connected to our Solar System, Sun, and Earth driven by the source of charged particles such as galactic cosmic rays, gamma rays, and solar rays. Now, "Science Of Cycles" is the vehicle which brings the latest cutting-edge discoveries confirming his published Equation.