New Study of Coronal Mass Ejection and Galactic Cosmic Rays

This newly published study has quite a bit of what I call “scientificeez” making it a little difficult to read and understand. Therefore, I am going to give you a short surmise. The study shows that during times of solar minimum, a greater number of galactic cosmic rays are bombarding the Earth. During times of solar maximum, the amount of charged particles emitted by coronal mass ejections, solar flares, and coronal holes buffet or blowout harmful GCRs.

The understanding of which is worse… “solar minimum or solar maximum” is still undecided. However, I thought I would toss you another factor that has yet made the headlines. The Earth’s magnetic field continues to weaken. This ongoing natural occurring cycle is quietly being closely monitored analyzing the effect of rising count of galactic cosmic rays and the weakening of Earth’s magnetic field.

Galactic cosmic ray observation data is closely related to space weather research and to atmospheric phenomena such as sudden stratospheric temperature rise, and is expected to be used in a wide range of fields in the future.

Professor Chihiro Kato of Shinshu University took the lead in acquiring simultaneous observations of the neutron monitor and muon detector at Syowa Station in the Antarctic in order to acquire bridging data. In the polar regions, unlike low latitude regions on Earth, it is possible to observe galactic cosmic rays coming from the same direction with a neutron monitor and a muon detector due to the weaker deflection by geomagnetism.

Space weather research of galactic cosmic rays using ground based observational data from neutron monitors and multi-directional muon detectors, may be missing relative and corresponding data. Since the phenomenon of space weather is on a short-term, days and hours-long time frame; it is meaningful to investigate changes in the flow of galactic cosmic rays for several hours, which requires a total-sky monitor of galactic cosmic rays.

Normally, when the Magnetic Flux Rope (MFR) arrives on Earth, galactic cosmic rays (GCR) density at ground level decreases rapidly, and then turns to increase recovery to the original level during impact on Earth by the MFR. This is known as a *Forbush Decrease . However, during our studies observation the GCR exceeded the original level before the Earth exited the MFR.

By analysis of the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN) and solar plasma data, the team concluded the high-speed solar wind causes the unusual enhancement of GCR density by compressing the rear part of the MFR locally.

 During cycles of high solar activity such as coronal mass ejections (CME), solar flares and coronal holes, a burst of charged particles spew outward into our solar system; continue through the heliosphere into interplanetary space. In the case of such events, a huge amount of charged particles release along magnetic field lines and twist into tubular-like formation described as a Magnetic Flux Rope (MFR).

*A Forbush decrease is a rapid decrease in the observed galactic cosmic ray intensity following a coronal mass ejection (CME). It occurs due to the magnetic field of the plasma solar wind sweeping some of the galactic cosmic rays away from Earth.

Stay Tuned For More Latest Research and Development

Part IV – Cycles Within Cycles, Within Cycles and ‘Science Of Cycles’

Here I am writing, then re-writing and then re-writing again. Partly because I find this exploratory research exhilarating, partly because it affirms the direction I chose to follow beginning mostly in 2012. And of course new information which was not available just a few years ago, and then formulating these strings of thought which has brought on a few spattering of “You’re kidding, no way, I thought so, and just plain wow”. Once again, as in my research of the Sun-Earth connection, but to a less noticeable degree, the right hand was not quite sure what the left hand was doing or aware of.

Those of you familiar with my first book “Solar Rain” will remember how I conveyed my unexpected surprise, when I realized how two of our greatest scientific bodies – NASA and NOAA, simply did not communicate with each other leaving me with no choice but to run back and forth as I pieced together NASA’s knowledge of space, and NOAA’s knowledge weather. When you put the two together you have “space-weather”.

A recent study published in the science journal ‘Nature’, indicates a direct connection between the acceleration of charged particles such as galactic cosmic rays and its effect on humans and animals. Charged particles come in many forms. From the Sun, they come in the form of solar flares, CMEs (coronal mass ejections), coronal holes, filament, and gamma ray burst. The more powerful and damaging particles are the galactic cosmic rays which comes from outside our solar system. These subatomic particles, made up of around ninety percent protons move through space at close to the speed of light. Magnetic fields deflect and distort the path of the particles, making it near impossible to determine their point of origin. Collision of stars, supernovae, even dark matter have all been named as a possible source.

Note: If you find this information of interest and useful, please consider supporting us with your donations. I am also looking for a sponsors that would help carrying this important research forward. Go to the click here button to support this work.                              CLICK HERE

As mentioned previously, during times of high solar activity (expansion), cosmic rays are better reflected from entering Earth’s atmosphere. However, during times of low solar activity (contraction), cosmic rays are far more abundant therefore have the potential to cause significant damage to our planet and all those living on it. Moreover, when you factor in the two current events happening concurrently, the scenario adds anecdotal averment of how far along this cycle we reside. First) A weakening magnetic field diminishing 10x faster than original estimates. Second) Evidence of an extended solar minimum which is going beyond one, two, three, or possibly more cycles allowing a profusion of galactic cosmic rays entering our atmosphere, with the higher energy particles penetrating deep into the Lithosphere, Mantle, and some research says right through the other side.

When scenario’s such as this occur, one must go beyond the better known short-term cycles comprised of averaging 11 yr. and 22 yr-cyl; while looking deeper into the less known medium ‘extended cycles’ such as the Milankovitch Cycle, the Laschamp Event, and the Maunder Minimum indicating that some cycles commingle while others supplant with periodicities ranging from Maunder’s 60-70 yr-cyl, to Laschamp’s 40,000 and 60,000 yr-cyl, to Milankovitch’s 23,000, 41,000, and 100,000 yr-cyl.

Then we have long-term cycles which can be traced back 550 million years.

*My eyes hurt, I have to stop here. I will pick it up tomorrow with “long-term cycles”